The story of Hong Kong had been the tale of roaring tiger as a shining example of economic freedom. At the end of World War II, Hong Kong was a dirt-poor island with a per-capita income about one-quarter that of Britain's. When laissez-faire economic policy of positive non-interventionism was adopted, Hong Kong’s territory started to wheel the new era of prosperity and business freedom. Hong Kong began to boom. That was a striking demonstration of the productivity of freedom, of what people can do when they are left free to pursue their own interests. In fact, Hong Kong's remarkable achievement, seen in a rapidly growing economy, benefited its neighboring countries as well. It boosted them to move away from central-planning and move towards the reliance on private enterprise and free-market. As a result, both, Hong Kong and China benefited from rapid economic growth. But Hong Kong's current leader Donald Tsang has recently declared the death of the policy on which the prosperity of small and up-beating tiger had been built.
Milton Friedman, the 1976 Nobel laureate in Economics and the most influential economist of the 20th century bemoans the latest Hong Kong's political shift toward governmental interventionism and statist approach that is forgetting the lessons of the policy that lead Hong Kong toward the miracle of free market. You can read it here.