Wednesday, June 10, 2009
U.S TRADE DEFICIT AND CHINA
Today, Bloomberg reported (link) that April's trade deficit in the U.S increased by 2.2 percent. The recession in major trading partner sharply reduced external demand for U.S exports. As trade deficit has continued to grow, the U.S experienced significant investment inflows due to Fed's and external demand for Treasury bonds by which Chinese central bank accumulated massive foreign currency reserves. Consequently, the U.S dollar depreciated against the yuan, pushing up trade deficit. In the last three months, the yuan appreciated by 0.3 percent. In spite of the recession, the Chinese economy is set to expand by 7.5 percent annually in 2009. Thus, it is hard to understand why some U.S politicians repeatedly say that the yuan is overvalued.